Alcohol Metabolism Increases Damage in Cells from Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

Alcohol Metabolism Increases Damage in Cells from Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease

A typical mutation in a key enzyme concerned in alcohol metabolism will increase harm in cells from patients with Alzheimer’s disease and in mice, in keeping with a examine by researchers on the Stanford University School of Medicine.

This mutation in aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, or ALDH2, is related to facial redness following alcohol consumption. It causes the activity of the enzyme to be significantly lowered, ensuing within the buildup of acetaldehyde, a toxic product of alcohol metabolism. The human body responds to the presence of the toxin with skin flushing and inflammation. The mutation is prevalent within the East Asian population. The flushing response to alcohol amongst individuals who carry the mutation is usually known as “Asian glow.”

The mutation happens in about 560 million individuals, or about 8% of the world’s population, stated Daria Mochly-Rosen, Ph.D., professor of chemical and systems biology. Understanding the relationship of alcohol and genes linked to Alzheimer’s disease may have broad consequences, she stated, since a large group of individuals might unknowingly be harming their future health by frequently consuming alcohol.

The researchers additionally prepared cell cultures from the brains of regular and ALDH2*2 mice and located that alcohol led to elevated ranges of free radicals and cell-death proteins not only in neurons, however in astrocytes, as nicely. Astrocytes are cells discovered within the central nervous system that present help for neuronal performs and maintenance; however, that may additionally contribute to neuroinflammation. Treatment with Alda-1 reduced the alcohol-induced modifications within the cell cultures, the research discovered.

The findings within the examine level to a previously undiscovered position of alcohol and ALDH2 in Alzheimer’s disease.